Bowling has a history of over 7000 years. Sir Flinders Petrie, professor of Egyptology at the University of London, found objects in the grave of an Egyptian child for a game similar to modern bowling. The date of his burial dates back to 5200 BC.
Research by Dr. Malcom Rogers, the senior curator of the San Diego museum, has established that the inhabitants of Polynesia, located on the Yellow Sea Islands, in ancient times played a game that looked vaguely like bowling, which they called yulla mike, where the length of the path exactly corresponded to requirements of today and was also 60 feet.
“The ancient chronicles of Paderborn tell us that bowling was first played in the galleries of cathedrals. The canons of that time required the parishioners to take turns placing their pins at the end of the gallery. These objects embodied heide, which means “pagans” in translation. The parishioner received the ball and was asked to throw it in the heide.
A successful throw testified that the thrower leads a pure, righteous life and is able to kill a pagan; if he missed, it meant that more frequent church attendance would lead him to his cherished goal. ” Similar traditions already existed in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. e. At different times in all parts of Europe, bowling was played in different ways. Bowling (there were nine of them) became a favorite pastime for the people of Holland. For the first time in England, this game (skills) began to be played in the XIV century. Curling, a variation of the old bowling game, has its origins in Scotland. Bowling has had tough times as well. Thus, King Edward III of England (1366) was so afraid that bowling would abandon archery classes, which were an integral part of the kingdom’s defenses, that he quickly forced parliament to take appropriate measures. Other kings who ruled after Edward III passed and perpetuated laws prohibiting this game, but some of them were tricky and introduced an amendment to them that allowed bowling within the palace. The nobles soon adopted this form of entertainment, and legal restrictions were removed. Bowling alleys, along with other structures, were built in the Whitehall area by order of Henry VIII (circa 1530). Personalities who played a prominent role in the history of England paid tribute to the fashionable hobby. One of them was Sir Francis Drake, the famous English admiral and navigator who circled the globe, who lived in 1540-1596. He, in particular, became famous for refusing to stop the game when he was informed that the elusive Spanish armada was approaching.
Medieval chronicles read:
“While Drake and the other officers of the English navy were playing skittles in the immortal match at Plymouth Howe on the afternoon of July 19, 1588, a small warship entered the harbor. Its commander reported that a Spanish armada had been spotted off the coast of Cornwall early in the morning, but Drake insisted on continuing the match, saying there was still plenty of time to win the game and defeat the Spaniards.
Skittles (which used nine pieces) and a game very reminiscent of modern bowling, which used ten pieces, were brought to America by Dutch settlers, who began to play it on the island of Manhattan in 1626. More than a hundred years later, in 1732, John Chambers, Peter Byard, and Peter Jay rented an abandoned pepper field for eleven years, which was the only vacant site directly adjacent to Fort Battery outside New York, and now the area of Lower Broadway. They fenced off a wide field, which used to be parades, with a beautiful hedge and set up a grassy bowling alley on it. This walled site in the Broadway area has survived to this day. An old bowling publication notes that although the game was banned by the Puritans, individual members of this religious movement could not resist the temptation.
One of them wrote in 1658:
“To those who suffer, I will say here that I should not admit my mistakes, which they will learn about on this page sometime in the future, and it will become public, but my conscience worries me, and I can no longer remain silent. .. It was an excruciating heat, but I was more tormented by those desires from which I kept myself lately. I’m afraid this ball game has bewitched me. Because I played it today and for money. Still, I was lucky and won 10 pounds. Woe is me! My Puritan brothers would have been horrified to learn of this, and the more sincere my confession. I love this game, I am glad when I win and meet wonderful people on the green lawn. May this recognition ease my soul. ” The first factual mention of bowling in American literature appears to have been made by Washington Irving in his Sketches, where he speaks of the thunderous collision of balls and pins.
In the countries of Central Europe, bowling (variant with de five figures) was popular from the Middle Ages until 1850. Skittles were installed in a diamond pattern, and this arrangement by 1820 became generally accepted in America. By 1850, however, criminals had taken full control of the bowling alleys, much of the game was rigged, and the constant scam eventually led to the prohibition of bowling. Deception and trickery became so overt in certain cities that the game in the states of Connecticut, Massachusetts and New York was declared criminal, and in 1841 the Connecticut authorities passed a law prohibiting bowling in any form.
The law specifically emphasized that “the use of lanes for games with nine pins, the number of which may be more or less, is prohibited, under penalty of a fine not exceeding $ 50.” But as a result of such legislation, the tenth size appeared and the modern triangular arrangement of figures arose. In 1875, delegates from nine bowling centers located in New York and Brooklyn gathered at Hermania Hall in Bowery and formed the National Bowling Association (NAB) to revise existing rules. This organization managed to survive until 1890, when it was replaced by the American Union of Amateur Bowling (ASLB), which also soon disintegrated, and for some time attempts to create similar societies were not made. It wasn’t until September 9, 1895 that the American Bowling Congress was formed. ABC has developed uniform rules of the game, developed uniform technical requirements for balls, pins, tracks and other accessories, and also assumed the responsibility of overseeing the development of American bowling (the ten-pin version). The ABC currently has more than 2 million members, a governing body of 70 employees, and the headquarters of the congress is located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin at 1572 Eastcapitol Drive. The Congress meets annually, and its conventions are held concurrently with grandiose competitions. For a long time, the bowling alley had a bad reputation, as it was surrounded by various scammers, and the premises in which the games were held were poorly lit and smelly.
In the end, the Society “Owners of Bowling Centers of America” was organized, which was engaged in raising the standards of service in these establishments and soon achieved unheard-of results in this field, as evidenced by the attached photographs. Bowling center today
it is a sparkling, fully modernized family leisure building. Bowling leagues for young children are opening up everywhere under the scrutiny of VKA executives; most modern centers include children’s rooms where mothers can leave their children for a while and play with other housewives.