Bowling: fun or sport?
Bowling is a game open to everyone. It is difficult to find a person who has never competed in the outbreak of ball games in his life and has not heard of the term “strike”. However, not everyone knows that bowling is not only a pleasant pastime, but also a serious sport that requires thorough preparation and training.
The origin of the game
The history of the game’s development goes back many centuries. Bowling first appeared in Germany in the 3rd century, but as a religious tradition, not as a game: it was necessary to break the needles with a ball, symbolizing the eradication of paganism. Then the ritual was transformed into a game that became widespread in Great Britain, Spain, Denmark, the Netherlands and France. At that time the trails were made of clay, later of wood, a total of five to seventeen needles could be used.
In the 15th century, the first bowling centers were opened in London, designed for the general public, and in the 17th century the game migrated to America. There, in the late 19th century, the “American Bowling Congress” established generally accepted standards for equipment, rules of the game, and held the first competitions.
Rules of the game
Ten pins and balls weighing 2.7 to 7.25 kg are used for bowling.
The standard rules of the game are as follows:
- One game consists of ten frames – moves that involve two consecutive throws of the ball.
- If a player knocks down all the needles with the first throw, this is a “kick”, the throw is marked as an “X” and is worth 10 points. Reward points are added for all needles dropped in the next two throws.
- If a player breaks all the needles in the first two throws, the result is called a “spur” and is marked as “I”. 10 points are awarded for a match, each subsequent broken pin also brings the player bonus points.
- If, as a result of the first throw, the corner pins remain unbroken in the frame, it is a “split”.
- A frame is called open if there are continuous needles after two throws of the ball. The player receives exactly as many points as there are pins hit.
- The winner is considered to be the team with the most points. The maximum you can get is 300 points.
Bowling as fun
Bowling is a pretty popular pastime that is ideal for celebrating birthdays, active leisure time with friends. The rules of the game are quite simple and understandable even for beginners. In addition, it can be played by people of all ages, including children. For young players, bowling clubs, as a rule, separate the tracks with bumpers and lighter balls, which allows children aged 3-4 to enjoy the game.
Many bowling alleys offer a selection of snacks, hot meals and alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.
Bowling as a sport
Bowling is not only a popular option for family recreation today, but also a professional sport.
There is the International Bowling Federation, which unites 125 national federations, which includes bowling associations with ten and nine balls. Russia is the 110th member of the federation, actively participating in the development of this sport, as well as in preparing athletes for competitions.
In some bowling clubs, professional schools have been opened that train athletes who will then perform at the World, European and Paralympic Games. Lectures are available to both children and adults.
Special programs are being developed for athletes to teach the game from zero to the professional level. In the first training sessions, beginner bowlers acquire knowledge about how the ball and the bar are arranged for the game, how to calculate the force and trajectory of the ball when throwing, develop swings and perform balance exercises. After mastering the basics, athletes work on time, coordination of leg and arm movements, amplitude, and proper rotation.
Professional play equipment must meet all the necessary criteria. Trails should be made of durable materials or wood, WB varnish is used for coating.
Sizes, weights and material inventory (balls and needles) are also standardized. Professional bowling equipment includes special shoes (replaceable) with genuine leather soles for good skating and rubber braking heels, a polo shirt and pants for men and a polo shirt and skirt for women.
Regular exercise helps develop coordination, quick reactions and a perfect eye. Bowling is a universal game that has no contraindications, as well as an exciting sport that has already won many hearts.