Women who play bowling have specific challenges to overcome. One of them, and the main one, is that women are physically weaker than men and, moreover, do not always know how to realize their inherent sense of rhythm and synchronization of movements. “Nine out of ten women I have come across on postgraduate courses in various cities in America have done it all wrong from the beginning,” says Sylvia Win, voted the best female player. – Of course, men have more developed muscles, but women are naturally endowed with a sense of rhythm and grace – the main prerequisites for playing bowling at a high quality level. Girls just don’t reveal all their talents. ”
Sylvia, whose height is 4 feet and 11 inches, became famous for the fact that over three years in a row she scored 206 points per game, in one year she scored 700 points in six series and was the first woman who managed to achieve one hundred percent result (300 points). speaking in the East Coast league.
Her general recommendations for the fair sex are as follows:
1. Try to concentrate your efforts on the four-step take-off, as the three-step take-off is too tiring for most women.
2. Master the technique of sending the ball-hook, since this technique helps women shoot more pins than using a straight or right ball.
3. It is preferable to start with a 10 or 12 pound ball with three finger holes, but try to switch to a 13 1/2 pound or even 15 1/2 pound ball as soon as possible.
“I would not recommend buying a ball lighter than 13 1/2 Pounds,” since it hits few pins, explains Sylvia. “However, remember that a ball that is too heavy is detrimental to coordination and is worse than a ball that is too light.”
In the photographs to the right, Ms. Win is showing her starting position. In the first case, she stands straight, and in the second, she bent forward slightly. A second stance is acceptable, but less desirable. “The other three stances are incredibly funny,” Sylvia says, “but you’d be surprised to know how many women I’ve seen who prefer them.” The correct position is to have a straight body, a ball held close to the body and slightly above waist level, and a hand ready to roll the ball straight in front of you and direct it down. This retraction of the ball gives the body a smooth and light forward movement during the takeoff run.
In the photographs on the following pages, Ms. Win demonstrates three, four, and five step runs for sending the ball.
If you have enough strength, a three-step run will be fine for you, but from the photographs you can see that even an expert like Miss Win is not given without effort. In this case, the movements should be accelerated. Miss Win pushes the ball hard and starts swinging in the first step. The ball has already reached the maximum allowable level (no higher than the shoulder) during the swing at the time when the left foot begins to slide. In the last step, the main load falls on the right arm, which moves along the body, bringing the ball forward to the line of throw to send it to the lane. Also notice that the ball falls behind the line of throw, but not near the foot.
Comparing photographs of the three- and four-step runs, you can easily determine that when Sylvia performs the four-step run, her movements look easier and more relaxed.
In a four-step run, Miss Win vigorously moves the ball away from her and begins to move forward with her right foot. The ball swings well behind her back as she takes her second step, reaching shoulder level (but by no means going higher), and descends to send as Miss Win smoothly transitions to her fourth sliding step. Once again, your attention is drawn to how the ball is carried away from the outstretched left leg and slides beyond the line of throw. Notice also that Miss Win is making a final wave of her hand.
Now let’s move on to a five-step take-off run. It is easy to see that the ball, always held in the center of the body during the initial stance in order to maintain balance, is retracted with a slight push during the half-step, which begins
left leg. The right leg has already been raised for the second step before the ball retraction is complete, and Miss Win, after the third step, takes the fourth before the ball reaches its highest point in the swing. Then she goes to slide, bending her knee strongly, and the ball smoothly drops down, while the woman’s body remains in an upright position, and her shoulders are straightened. Again, notice that the final hand movement has been completed.
Sequential close-ups show Miss Win bent her knee severely when sending the ball, sliding towards the line of throw; in this case, the ball should be sent at a considerable distance from the left leg. In the second series of photographs on how not to send a ball, Sylvia shows one of the most common mistakes women make when bowling.
the ball next to you and behind the sliding leg. This may in part be attributed to the fact that some women prefer balls that are too heavy. However, the main reason women release the ball from their hands next to them is because she is holding tight upright. This position, as you can see by comparing two consecutive shots, negates the necessary finishing movement and completely eliminates the control of the ball.
Four types of balls
Of the four types of bowling balls — hook, left, straight, and right — many women use the right bow without knowing exactly why, although it is the least effective for knocking down pins. In the accompanying photographs of the four types of ball sending, Miss Win clearly demonstrates why you score low with the right ball.
A grappling ball is most preferred, and you will notice that Miss Win’s thumb and forefinger of Ms. Win’s right thumb and forefinger are pointing straight at the pins spaced apart. When sending, the hand is straightened and brought forward, without giving the ball a conscious rotation. This movement occurs automatically, as if you were going to greet someone with a wide movement of your hand, due to the fact that your thumb comes out of the hole in the ball first, and already the middle and ring fingers will give it a rotational movement, since they are the last with him in contact.
If you are using a ball that is too slow, you should probably switch from the grappling ball to the left one. This is due to the fact that the rotation is faster if the ball is launched more slowly, causing it to move in a wide arc. Therefore, your ball aimed at the strike should be directed from the center of the lane to pin 6 or even 10 so that it has time to turn around and hit pocket 1-3. There is, however, a clear difference between the hook ball send and the left ball in terms of speed. When sending with a hook, the hand goes straight forward and upward, without making any rotation with the palm or hand. When sending the left ball, which is much more difficult to control due to its wider arc, the ball is raised by rotating the wrist and palm (see attached photographs of Miss Win showing the correct ball sending).
If you don’t have time for frequent training, then a straight ball will completely replace a hook ball. Of course, a straight ball is not as effective in knocking down pins as a hook ball, due to the fact that it bounces off easily, but it is easier to direct, especially for knocking down the pins remaining after the first ball (sp). When sending a straight ball, as can be seen from the photographs, Miss Win’s thumb is on top, and the middle and ring finger is directly below it. The ball rolls smoothly off the fingers. When performing the finishing movement, the straightened arm completes the swing, and the palm is facing up.
If you extend your hand in a clockwise direction during the send, your ball will act like a right ball. Such a ball moves from left to right. Miss Win shows you how to handle the right ball if that’s your type, but she strongly advises to get rid of the open hand, as this is the least desirable of the four ways.
The main mistakes of women
“When it comes to women bowling, I have identified five major mistakes, and these mistakes,” says Miss Win, “are: poor run-up, especially in the sliding phase; too slow takeoff; loss of the ball; failure to complete the hand movement and too short swing. ” In her opinion, many women do not perform the synchronized run correctly due to the fact that they approach the throw line too slowly, and also do not bend their left knee strongly during sliding. “The speed can be increased,” she says, “by pushing the ball away from you at the very beginning of the run. This will help you get a wider swing and give the ball additional acceleration when sending. And for God’s sake, get rid of the right ball if you haven’t already. ”
In light of the above, Ms. Win recommends the following:
1. Start with a comfortable and lightweight ball, but once you master its message, switch to a ball that weighs at least 13.5 pounds.
2. Try to keep your rhythm and movement natural and coordinated; Bend your left knee strongly, sliding towards the line of the throw.
3. Concentrate on your four-step run.
4. Remember that the ball should be taken as far as possible behind the back and released in front of the sliding leg (but not dropped next to it), as well as perform the final movement, raising the hand to eye level.
5. Get rid of the right ball and master the technique of sending a direct or preferably a hook ball.
6. Increase the rate of return of the ball from the chest, directing it forward and slightly downward from the body in the first step.
Evelyn Teal’s recommendations
In bowling, Evelyn Teal holds a number of enviable records. She has played 1,848 games, including 655 singles games. poison, in which she averaged 205 points (in a series of nine games). Originally from Miami. Evelyn Teale became the first Florida representative to win the national championship. Her highest streak approved by ABC is 701; the highest amount of points sanctioned also by ABC and scored in one game is 269 points.
Women can excel at bowling because the game exhibits two distinct feminine qualities – grace and rhythm. However, there is also a downside to the coin. Women, due to the fact that they do not have the same physical strength as men, are less able to afford to make mistakes. If a man is able to adequately control the ball, even making mistakes in tempo movements, women cannot do it. Any mistake a woman makes during the run inevitably turns into a bad ball message. A woman should have a perfect or near-perfect take-off run. This is why the correct start to the game and the ability to use the rhythm and synchronicity given to it by nature are of paramount importance to the female player.
The main thing for any woman is the choice of a ball of a comfortable and appropriate weight. Men use 16 pound balloons, including me, but women need something lighter. The weight of the ball should be determined individually – according to strength and coordination ability, as well as taking into account playing experience. A woman can start bowling with an 11 – 12 pound ball, but as soon as possible (presumably after a few games), you should switch to a heavier ball – from 13 1/2 pounds to 15 pounds. Of course, the heavier the ball is, the more you will hit the pins, but excessive weight affects the accuracy and synchronization of movements. Experiment. Choose the heaviest ball that doesn’t require much effort from you to send.
In terms of purchasing a custom made ball, I am convinced that a woman should not buy a ball that weighs less than 13 1/2 Pounds. It is impossible to knock down a sufficient number of pins with a lighter ball. In seminars, refresher courses, and private lessons, I always teach women the four-step run and the ball send with the hook. I know this contradicts some theories of bowling training, but the four-step take-off run and hook are, in my opinion, the most natural methods and are most easily given to the fair sex. In addition, this style allows you to shoot down more pins.
There is a simple test that will allow you to determine how natural the hook is to you. Stand up straight and lower your arms to your sides. Then swing your right hand. Notice that the palm is turned inward and the thumb is pointed strictly towards 10 o’clock. This technique is called a “handshake.” This hand position is ideal for sending a hook ball. Some bowling instructors are of the opinion that women should be taught the technique of sending a straight ball, but in this case it is necessary to turn the hand in a clockwise direction, moving the thumb to the 12 o’clock position. This technique seems to me unnatural and more difficult to master than the grappling hook.
I also oppose the straight ball because, in my opinion, it promotes the development of the most terrible style in beginners – the tendency to the right ball, which is a reverse hook. Women, turning their wrist, sometimes go to extremes and turn their thumb to the position not 12 o’clock, but 2 or 3 o’clock, as a result of which the ball begins to rotate from left to right. But the likelihood of this drops sharply when a woman sends the ball using the hook method. Of course, the ball must be given sufficient speed when the hook is being made, otherwise it will become a blockage. A ball that rolls slowly down the path is likely to straighten its trajectory or stop, and this type of send is just as bad as the ball on the right. To achieve the speed required for a strong and sharp turn of the ball, a woman must master the four-step run perfectly. There are many women who prefer the three-step style. The three steps are extremely effective when playing with a grapefruit-sized ball and weighing no more than 3-4 pounds. But if you have to deal with a ball pulling 14-15 pounds, you simply cannot do without a four-step run. Only he allows you to feel confident when carrying out the ball retraction from the body, an element that is extremely important for any woman performing a take-off run.
I know quite a few women who have achieved some success with the three-step run, and I am not trying to retrain anyone. All of them tend to move the ball late from the body, but trying to instill in them a more orthodox style leads to many problems, so the game is not worth the candle. I recommend that women stay upright and avoid squatting or half squatting. While in an upright position, it is easier to return the ball from the chest. The legs are at a distance of several inches from one another, and the left is slightly in front of the right. The body weight should fall on the heels. The whole weight of the ball is located on the left hand.
A typical mistake of women is the excessive “inclusion” of the right wrist when inserting the middle and ring fingers into the holes. This, in turn, stimulates the right message. Ball positioning is carried out only at the stage of its sending. Therefore, the wrist must remain perfectly straight. After the initial position is taken, the ball is retracted. This technical point is most important for women bowling. Since women’s arms are not as strong as men’s, they cannot give the ball sufficient momentum when swinging. Women have to rely more on giving it the proper acceleration, and the only way to achieve this is to move the ball away from the body to the full length of the outstretched right arm during the first step during the takeoff run. This, in essence, is the purpose of removing the ball from the body. Without the correct execution of such a movement, a woman player in a bowling center has nothing to do. In the years I have devoted to teaching women to play bowling, I have heard countless times from them that a ball that is too heavy prevents them from enjoying a wonderful game. These players usually started sending a straight ball by dropping it next to them. Follow their example, and you will immediately feel that the ball is twice as heavy. The withdrawal movement is intended to solve this problem. When the ball is brought forward and then swung, its weight is hardly felt.
After the ball is completely retracted in the first step, in the second it should be brought behind the back. The right hand takes the same position that it occupied in the initial stance, i.e. the wrist is straightened, the thumb is directed as for sending the ball with a hook. At this stage, the ball is set in pendulum motion. And this is where many women make a serious mistake. Instead of swinging the ball behind their backs, they carry it in front of them in their arms, as if returning home from a department store with a heap of purchases. The downward movement of the ball cannot be prevented. If you act contrary to the laws of physics, then the entire run becomes blurry. The third step is supposed to speed up a little. This will give your body some extra movement that will help you send the ball more correctly. At this point, the left hand should be completely pulled to the side, which will maintain balance. Let the ball reach its peak on the swing. It should rise to shoulder level. If the ball does not reach this height, then you will not be able to send it hard enough. Keep your arm perfectly straight from your shoulder to your knuckles for a wide and free swing. If, while swinging, you felt tension in the elbow joint, this means that your arm was not straightened enough.
For a significant number of women who have more or less mastered the takeoff run, too much swing becomes a habit. If your swing is too high, try to make it shorter and slow down the pace of your steps. The fourth step is actually a long and smooth slide. During the slide, the ball is brought forward and a send occurs, followed by a final movement. The hardest mistake women make at this stage is not squatting low enough at the throw line. This movement is essential to achieve a smooth and soft ball send. I think it’s all about women’s vanity. Women don’t want to look awkward and unfeminine. But in bowling, shyness or stiffness is unacceptable. You should enter the track with the most serious intentions, and they, among other things, imply that in the last stage of the take-off run, performing a slide, you should bend your left knee strongly. I strongly advise against leaning forward at the waist.
I recommend that women choose a point on the track as a reference point, rather than aim directly at the pins. At first, many of them do not believe that choosing a rangefinder is the best way, but after three or four attempts they are convinced. If a woman has problems hitting the chosen target, I go out on the track and put my foot in the right place, and then I say: “Try to get here.” It’s amazing how quickly and well they can get together. Of course, after the woman has sent the ball, I remove my leg. They should choose benchmarks in order to knock out not only the strike, but also the speed.
advice for women
No woman can go bowling in a long tight skirt or a blouse with sleeves that restrict movement, and yet, as I see, all the time they wear similar clothes. At one time there were reasons for this, but other times came, and every woman can pick up such a bowling suit that a model from Paris could be proud of. The variety of styles is amazing.
I constantly have to deal with women who are disillusioned with bowling. They came to the bowling center and realized that the heavy ball discouraged them from playing. Or they realized they were easily embarrassed. By sending the ball to the track, they feel embarrassed that from the outside they can be mistaken for crazy on shaking legs, convulsively swinging with their hands, and that all those gathered in the center are staring at them. I feel very sorry for them because, in general, the difficulties women face while playing are easy to overcome. If a bowling woman finds time to listen to helpful advice, works out a four-step run, and moves the ball away from her body correctly, the problems will seem insignificant to her. Bowling basically consists of knowing the basics and applying them in practice, taking into account the appropriate rhythm and synchronized execution of movements. Everything is very simple.
The woman should choose a ball that is light enough to control, but heavy enough to knock down the pins. For most women, the ball’s weight range is between 13 1/2 and 15 pounds. It is advisable for women to master the method of sending the ball called the “hook”, holding it according to the “handshake” principle. It is recommended to choose a four-step take-off run. The retraction of the ball from the body is a key phase in the technique of sending it by a woman. In the first step, she should fully extend her right arm with the ball straight in front of her. Performing a full swing, it thereby gives the ball sufficient speed and dynamic movement. Bending the left knee in the last step (sliding) is a must. It guarantees a smooth ball sending. To knock out strikes and spes, women should select the appropriate points on the track that serve as reference points. They need a good understanding of the basics of bowling and knowledge of how to use two of the characteristics of women – a sense of rhythm and synchronization of movements.