Bowling is a game that at first seems quite simple, but a little later a beginner begins to realize that not everything is so simple, and bowling becomes as difficult as golf, football or even poker.
Preparing to throw
A newcomer comes to the club and takes a ball of the right weight from the rack with holes drilled in the factory. And the master has his own ball, measured and drilled by the fitter after the purchase. The first step is to measure the hand and fingers, measure the “bridge” – the correct distance between the thumb and forefinger. Then the best angle of inclination of the holes is determined and finally holes are drilled corresponding to the thickness of the fingers. The best bowling alleys have their own fitters and their own hole-making machines.
The advanced bowler has a ball made of polyurethane or “reactive resin”, and the most modern balls are “reactive resin” – they are velvety to the touch and allow you to play sophisticated and beautiful. For example, there is a throw in which the ball reaches the very edge of the track and … it seems, a little more – and it will fall into the chute, but the ball goes along the edge, picks up the pins from the side, goes inside the triangle and in some incredible way knocks down all the pins.
The ball for beginners is symmetrical. It has an internal fill, and the surface, although it is polyurethane, is more often a simple, plastic one. In the middle there is something like sticky foam concrete. The ball for the master has metal inclusions inside in a cunning way, such balls are much more expensive than ordinary ones. Tricks have been invented to make the ball go smoother and can be twisted.
All balls are different in weight. The kid weighs 6 pounds, and the heaviest for advanced bowlers are 14, 15, 16 pounds. Beginners play with 10-12 pounds balls. Ball prices range from $ 50 to $ 300, but masters can play balls for $ 600. By the way, the masters do not always play only with heavy balls: that is why they are masters in order to be above the usual rules and to be creative in the game. But the master always plays only with a ball that is easy to twist.
When throwing, the fingers should slide out of the ball freely – for both the beginner and the master. The thumb completely enters the hole, the middle and ring finger must be pushed in to the middle of the phalanx. The beginner’s thumb first slips out of the ball, and then the other two in the same way. In the case of the master, when throwing, the thumb is also released first, but the ball is twisted by the other two. The beginner throws the ball in a straight line with his thumb at 12 o’clock.
Another important difference: the beginner looks at the pins as he throws the ball. The master looks at the special marks applied to the track, with the help of the marks he corrects the throw. Usually the second arrow from the right is chosen as the crosshair. A successful ball throw is made at a steep angle from the side. If you need to hit a little to the left, the player moves a little to the right, and vice versa.
There are four main types of ball release. The most common is the hook, the most effective is the crank, this is the same hook, but with a forceful rotation of the brush. Crank is a very difficult throw and is not available to beginners as well as bowlers who do not have modern balls.
As soon as the ball comes off the fingers, it starts to rotate. The direction of rotation of the ball is determined by where the thumb was pointing at the moment the ball came off the hand. That is, throws are performed by a simple twist of the hand: the thumb at “11 o’clock” is a hook, at “1 o’clock” – back up, at “12 o’clock” – a straight throw, and if at the last moment you turn the hand – “helicopter”: the ball is also goes straight, but also rotates.
By the way, women play back up more often due to anatomical features: in the elbow joint, the female hand moves slightly from the shoulder line, and therefore it is more convenient for women to perform back up.
The beginner tries to play correctly: feet on the line, the left leg is jogging, the arm is bent at the elbow, the ball is at shoulder level, four steps … And the master gets up the way he thinks is right, takes either four steps or five and throws by intuition, as he feels … Bowler, who reaches 200 points per game, develops his own style. Height, weight, musculature – everything affects the throw. By the pressure in the fingers, by the force of the jerk at the moment the ball is lifted from the hand, the master instantly feels whether he has successfully thrown.
Often, beginners try to increase their spin and backspin power with a stronger arm action. The masters take not by force, but by the perfection of their technique.
Oil on the track
The playing track is always smeared with special oil – that’s why the ball scrolls. The last seven meters to the pindeck must be absolutely dry. As necessary, the club employee cleans this part of the lane (“backend”) of oil, which the balls apply to it after a hundred throws. And this cleaning is very important, because when the ball jumps out onto the dry part of the track, only then its spinning starts to work: it changes the trajectory of its movement – the ball enters the hook.
Ability to “read the track”
The master must be able to read the track, be able to feel it. Because they are all different. On a laminate path, the master will throw differently than on a wooden path. In addition, somewhere the tracks are covered with viscous oil, somewhere light oil. The master sees the differences even before the throw, the less experienced player understands the path after the first throw, by the crackle of oil, and the beginner does not pay attention to such subtleties at all.
If an advanced bowler can read the lane, he can successfully match a ball from his arsenal, usually 6-7 different balls. But the master usually plays with one ball. Those who wish to be convinced of this, please watch the film “The Big Lebowski” (USA, 1998) again.
Concentration is very important in bowling. The master is always focused on the game. Before entering the site, he can joke and drink beer, if the competition is not so important. But on the track he is collected, focused.
And what about the newbie? Spade on the spade. An extra inch and a red light came on. Walking is a common mistake made by newbies and drunken bowlers. And for a master, a spade is a reason to be upset, a spade is a shame.
Bowling has its own arithmetic. The main axiom is that for all the pins to fall, it is not at all necessary for the ball to hit all of them.
The Kegel triangle looks like this:
7 8 9 10
4 5 6
To ensure that all the pins fall, you need to hit the point between the 1st and 3rd pins. Then the ball hits the 1st pin, which knocks down the 2nd, 4th and 7th. After bouncing off the 1st pin, the ball hits the 3rd, and it knocks down the 6th and 10th. After bouncing off the 3rd, the ball hits the 5th, which knocks down the 8th. After bouncing off the 5th, the ball hits the 9th. It turns out that the ball hits only four pins!
But this is not the limit. The masters have a blow when the ball knocks down only one 7th pin and calmly flies into the chute, and the 7th pin knocks down all the others. And the ball can hit the edge of the 4th pin, knock down the 7th, and all the rest fall by themselves. There are 1200 combinations of ball hitting pins. But beginners usually play a guaranteed strike – this is when the ball hits the pocket between pins 1 and 3. While pocketing isn’t easy either, it’s only 1 inch long!
Once in the pocket, the swirling ball throws the bow pins at an angle from right to left. The angle of arrival is very important for a successful hit. The twisted ball moves more strongly from right to left, and as a result, a steeper angle of hitting the pocket is obtained: the master is seen by the steepness.
But real skill is manifested in solving difficult problems with the second hit, when finishing. For example, after the first hit there are only two pins left, but they stand one after the other. This is a rather difficult option for finishing off, it even has its own name: “Indiana”. A newcomer will finish off the “Indiana” only if he is very lucky.
Removing the “horns” is easier. This is the name of the position when, after the first strike, two or three pins remain at a distance from each other.
But the position, when after the first blow there were four pins, has no name. For advanced bowlers, these mistakes do not occur, and therefore there is no name. And a beginner has four pins for finishing – quite an ordinary option. Well, at least the ball did not pass through the chute!
At the manager’s desk, the newcomer gets acquainted with the results of the best players and memorizes for the time being unattainable landmarks. Usually the top ten is placed between 230 and 270 points. 200 points in bowling is a very good result, a beginner’s dream.
The GM strives for the absolute maximum, for the perfect game: 300 points. In total, during the history of the world’s largest tournament, the Bowling World Cup, ten ideal games were played with the maximum possible number of points – for example, in 1994 in Mexico and in 1995 in Brazil. In 1999, four perfect games were played in Las Vegas. There is one woman among those who played the perfect game in the competition.
As with any gambling game, bowling is played, always competing with someone, and is often cut for interest.
In any bowling club there are bowlers, for whom the game is a form of earnings. It is theoretically possible that unknown masters may appear, who at first pretend to be beginners, increase the rates – and butcher the gambling simpleton. In America, this happens, but in our country it does not, so far such bowlers have no place to roam around, everything is in plain sight.