A standard bowling lane, including shallow gutters, pit dividing boards and a run-up area, should be made of wood. However, the edge of the skittles deck, tailboard, dividing board, shallow grooves and their moldings can be reinforced with fiber or other synthetic material.
The total length of a standard lane is 62 feet and 10 3/16 inches from the line of throw to the pit (bowler) with a tolerance of the order of 1/2 inch. Track width is 41 1/2 “with 1/2” allowance. A maximum tolerance of 40/1000 inches is reserved for horizontal alignment. The take-off run must not be less than 15 feet with a 1/4 ”horizontal tolerance. The width of the throw line cannot be less than 3/8 “and no more than 1”. This line should be clearly marked or embedded in the track and run from one wall to another or from one to the other posts that separate the tracks.
The points at which the pins are set must be clearly marked on the track (they can also be embedded in it). The diameter of each such point is 2 1/4 inches. The distance between the centers of adjacent points should be 12 inches.
Bowling pins are made from durable and hard maple. Each pin is made from a whole piece of wood or consists of two or more pieces. A standard wooden and plastic-coated pin and pin weighs no less than 3 pounds and 2 ounces and no more than 3 pounds and 10 ounces. Each synthetic skittle weighs a minimum of 3 pounds and 4 ounces and a maximum of 3 pounds and 6 ounces. The weight of each set of pins must not vary by more than +4 ounces; all pins must have the same design, appearance, finish, markings and narrow section designation. Individual pin height 15 “with 1/32” tolerance.
A standard bowling ball is made from a non-metallic composite material. It should not exceed 27 inches in circumference and weigh 16 pounds. Alteration of the ball due to an increase in its weight or imbalance is prohibited. Plugs may only be installed for the purpose of drilling new holes; design elements can be inserted into the ball as guides or as a means of identification flush with the outer surface of the ball and must be of a material similar in composition to that of which the ball is composed. No foreign material may be used on the outer surface of the ball.